It is not food grade for heavy contact, like using it as a substitute for a coffee filter. How did you compare the impact of these cloths with other options, when choosing them? Best way to drain oil off from fried foods? And when it comes to fried food, steam is the enemy! Ideally, we want our fried food to be magically suspended in the sky to allow any oil to naturally drip off with out any escaping steam being allowed to return to the outer layer of our … Can I combine two 12-2 cables to serve a NEMA 10-30 socket for dryer? Be Careful With the Batter Paper towels you do use might be compostable. Many people rely on paper towels to drain excess fat off of fried foods, like bacon, tempura, and fried tofu (the fried things that we make!). Sustainable Living Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for folks dedicated to a lifestyle that can be maintained indefinitely without depleting available resources. The tubular roll comprises a plurality of longitudinal “V” shaped protruding grooves and the oil absorbent paper is rolled over the tubular roll. An eight-hour soak is ideal. … Alternative to paper towels for draining fried food? Slices of stale bread are a good alternative. To minimise the use of paper towels in cleaning, I make use of our local food waste scheme, which accepts cooked food. Once that’s done, gently lower the basket into the oil tank. Most experts will say yes – if you eat your fried chicken in moderation. After Deep Frying: If the oil is still clean, you can strain the used oil through a fine sieve and use it again within a week. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. I have not found much of an alternative to paper towels, but you could at least try the following: Not a 100% alternative, but a reduction: There are also specialty baskets that sit in the base of your fryer, making it easier to retrieve and drain your food as needed. This creates a larger surface area to absorb oil from the fried food and prevent it from being too greasy. You also need to lay … Here are some more oil spatter hacks in action from Lifehacker (and how to clean them up in the event the spattering does happen): We hope these tips help you cook and enjoy your favorite fried foods without the mess. Which kind of paper should be recycled and which should be burned? While it may seem logical to drain fried foods on a metal rack, it's actually far more effective to drain on a paper towel-lined plate or bowl. There’s an easy way, borrowed from restaurants that deep-fry food every day, to keep your fried foods crispy and delicious! One of the best ways to avoid serving (and eating!) You then just place your fried food on top to drain. What is a good way to deal with food that’s just been fried in oil? Regardless of whether you air fried, deep-fried, or baked your egg rolls, do not let them cool on a paper towel or plate. We all know that deep fried foods are dipped in hot oil during the cooking process. On the rare occasion I fry anything that needs draining I just let it drain on a warm or even hot plate. Only after this use paper towel to soak up excess oil. In parliamentary democracy, how do Ministers compensate for their potential lack of relevant experience to run their own ministry? Always use a slotted spoon to transfer foods into hot oil so the batter doesn’t clump. Knees touching rib cage when riding in the drops, Cryptic Family Reunion: Watching Your Belt (Fan-Made), Weird result of fitting a 2D Gauss to data, Left-aligning column entries with respect to each other while centering them with respect to their respective column margins. If it was air fried, you don’t need to drain the oil as the food was prepared using less or no oil. If the transportation is taking place within the next few hours, you need to transport the food using boxes with holes to ensure the box is well ventilated. You need to wash in really hot water with bleach but by the time you do all that wouldn't it be cheaper to use paper towels or newspapers to drain fried foods? Reply Was this … Deep fried foods have high levels of oil. We place the rack over a pan or a plate to catch the drips. I regularly make a Thai style deep fried omelette and I've been experimenting with ways to drain the oil off. In fact, whether you're reheating leftovers or cooking something like vegetables in the microwave, a moist paper towel… Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Let me be clear, "Popper Use". 75 years ago, Mother used the floursacks for dish towels and also on top of newspapers to drain fried foods, we didn’t even know what a paper towel was…. My roommate politely requested that I not use cloth to drain fried foods, so I use ONE layer of paper towel on top of whatever trash paper I have. She serves on the boards of ARZA and URJ Camp Newman, and is a member of Temple Emanu-El in Dallas, TX. While the oil heats, remove crusts from bread and, if bread is fresh, toast as lightly as possible. greasy fried foods is to drain it properly. 3 x Japanese Tempura Paper, Oil-Absorbing Cooking Paper Small Thick 8.6" × 7.8" 70Sheets … Using a slotted spoon, gently drop dough, in batches, into hot oil. The oil drips to the pan below and I can pour the oil into a container or dispose of it however I need to. I still have flour sack towels in the kitchen, wouldn’t be without them…. Simply place the fried food on a sheet or sheets of kitchen towels and allow them to suck up the excess oil absorbed during the cooking process. After that, you need to let the food cool before you pack. Step 6 – Drain Oil. Have a bowl of salt nearby. Does my concept for light speed travel pass the "handwave test"? Have a food question? Method 2: place it on paper towels Absorbs oil much better but also makes the omelette … Thanks for this answer. A: Even if you put down 20 sheets of paper, a small piece of fried food will soak oil all the way to the bottom of the stack. Drain on layered paper towels and season with salt. He noted, “One thing is Southerners don’t eat fried food every single day, which is a misconception people have. Best way to drain oil off from fried foods? This way, the oils won’t build up at the base of the egg roll and will drip freely to the baking sheet below. Method. I have no clue at all if this would work or if it would damage the plastic possibly yes but if you could ever find a metal one of these a Salad spinner may do the trick. After using for cooking, rinse it and use it for cleaning up before tossing it in the trash. From above it is evident you can transport food without getting it soggy. How late in the book-editing process can you change a characters name? While the oil heats, remove crusts from bread and, if bread is fresh, toast as lightly as possible. Before dipping your food into the batter, dredge it in flour. So, it is always better to put it just after frying, without waiting for the food to cool down. I stopped for the very reason you describe. After Deep Frying: If the oil is still clean, you can strain the used oil through a fine sieve and use it again within a week. The difference is amazing! It’s not as good as using cloth, but it does help keep down the paper wastage. Her recipes can be found at Cooking and More and throughout ReformJudaism.org, where she serves as food editor. Drain fried Oreos on paper towels and top with powdered sugar. Directions: - Sprinkle the yeast and 1 teaspoon of the sugar over the warmed water or milk and stir with a fork to dissolve. Whereas the cloth /tea towel is pretty simple. Next, when you take the food out of the grease to drain, don't pour out the extra grease out onto the paper towels. Drain fried foods on paper towels for a minute or two; the towels will absorb any exterior oil that may still be clinging to them. You need to have a paper towel which you use on the transporting box to keep the food fresh and dry. But is there really a way to have your fried chicken and eat it too – without the dietary damage associated with fried foods? Kristen says. Using kitchen towels or paper towels to soak up excess oil absorbed during the frying process is an excellent and simple way to fry food healthily. This allows the fried food to drain oil without getting stuck to the paper towels and pooling in oil. When you’re done, wash it by hand, not in the washing machine. For crispy noodles, cut egg roll wrappers into strips and deep fry at 375°F until golden brown, about 1 to 2 minutes. If you want to place freshly fried food on a paper towel for a few minutes to absorb some of the oil, that’s fine, but don’t leave it there; the paper towel will trap steam and cause your food to get soggy. Ooh, I bet that makes a fantastic fire starter! – dlb Feb 10 '17 at 19:04 with old teabags or newspaper before washing. Take the food out of the oven or fryer and place it in a metal colander over a plate. Paper towels will only absorb so much oil. I save the paper towels for grease. Attempts to use the same paper towel for more than one use is a major source of cross contamination. When the fat has hardened and cooled, remove it and set it aside. Even Chef Villas says that moderation is the key to fine Southern dining. I like to use wire cooling racks, brown paper bags, and cloth dishtowels dedicated to this endeavor would work for draining. Tina Wasserman is the author of Entrée to Judaism: A Culinary Exploration of the Jewish Diaspora and Entrée to Judaism for Families and is a visiting lecturer and scholar-in-residence throughout the country. salt) or buttermilk. Example: Remove from the oil and let your food rest in a paper towel to remove the excess oil. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. Hence, it is best to use tissue papers or paper towels used for absorbing excess oil from fried food. A short rest allows the juices inside the chicken to redistribute and the crust to cool down enough that it won't scald the roof of your mouth, which is the fastest way to ruin a perfect piece of chicken. My roommate politely requested that I not use cloth to drain fried foods, so I use ONE layer of paper towel on top of whatever trash paper I have. Reply. Reply. Which type of Oreo cookies should I use? That is the way we do it at home. Drain fried foods on paper towels for a minute or two; the towels will absorb any exterior oil that may still be clinging to them. Only after this use paper towel to soak up excess oil. Hence, it is best to use tissue papers or paper towels used for absorbing excess oil from fried food. Cook your ground beef and drain the fat. Drain Fried Foods. But think I will check out J. Chomels answer. So, do you really need professional-grade kitchen towels? Now I skim the food out of the fat, briefly pause with the skimmer (or spatula or tongs) on a paper towel to avoid drips on the draining food, then take the food to the rack. Cool your food on baking racks, rather than paper towels. When recycling paper or cardboard, what level of contamination with (food) oils is ok? Try soaking them in oxiclean, and when draining the grease from fried food. That’s because moisture makes the oil bubble and splatter, which could be very dangerous to you. On a rack, very little oil actually drips out of the food—the oil's surface tension keeps it in place. Don’t season the food before you fry. $7.99. But if you don’t deep fry often, I recommend you to dispose of the used oil. After using for cooking, rinse it and use it for cleaning up before tossing it in the trash. Even if underneath, it may be risky. Newspaper may look cute, but it's not an effective way to blot off any excess oil. I crumple paper towels into loose wads and place them in a bowl or plate. Where can I travel to receive a COVID vaccine as a tourist? First long-standing problem, which is the best oil for frying? Assemble the tacos. When golden brown, turn … If it’s wintertime I use that paper to start a fire. Lots of recipes for fried foods call for placing them on paper towels, brown paper bags, or even newspaper to drain excess oil, but unfortunately, this doesn’t help keep that nice crispy texture you worked so hard to achieve. Method 1: place it on a wire rack Found that some oil does drip off, but a lot of oil just collects at the base of the omelette, and the omelette still ends up too oily for my liking. Be sure to drain and rinse the brine when you're ready to fry to prevent overly salty chicken. The tubular roll comprises a plurality of longitudinal “V” shaped protruding grooves and the oil absorbent paper is rolled over the tubular roll. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. I'll never go back. I keep paper towel that is soaked in cooking oil and use it as a fire-lighter later on. Just place them … Drain the fried food on paper towels or on a rack immediately after removing from the hot oil. But if you put the food on a rack, the excess oil is allowed to drip off. Michelle Arnold/Dreamstime.com. Increase your oil temperature to 350 degrees F. Fry the food again until crispy. For greasy pans: used teabags, or vegetable peelings that seem to be sufficiently absorbent, are used to wipe the pans before washing them. You’ll want to season the fried food as soon as you place it on the drying rack. Put a drying rack turned upside down onto the paper towels. Is there any link between deforestation and paper use? I degrease pans etc. Please check your inbox for our emails, and to manage your subscription. Ultimately, by draining a fried food properly, you not only remove excess oil, but you improve the taste of the food. If you season your food immediately after it comes out of the oil while it’s still hot on the drying rack, it’ll lock in the flavor. Take this small window of waiting … We don’t want it anywhere near our perfectly golden and crunch bits of heaven. Instead of using paper towels to drain the grease off of fried foods, used a baker's rack. I use to use them to drain french fries, etc.. • It is best to season fried food with salt and pepper once it has drained on paper towels after frying and while it is still hot. 1. Add your seasoning, chilis, and water to the beef and cook for 5 additional minutes. Shutterstock. Personally I use a wire rack over a cookie sheet to drain fried or greasy foods. Actually the salad spinner is not a bad idea at all. I use cloth napkins to save money. And, admittedly, paper towels are not lint-free. Use woven/organic undyed cloth piece, and then wash it along with other clothes. In a bowl, combine pancake mix, milk, egg and vegetable oil and stir to combine. Pour the oil into the pot so it’s slightly more than half filled. Oil Absorbers Sheets For Kitchen- 50 Pieces Oil Absorbing Blotter Paper for Kitchen Cooking,Quickly Absorb and Removes Extra Oil 3.8 out of 5 stars 7. Yes. Let the food cool before you pack in the traveling container There are … Salt and paper towels. Place a couple thicknesses of paper towel in the bottom of a sheet pan, place a wire rack (the ones with little squares rather than parallel wires works best for this) on top of the towels and place your fried foods on top of the rack to drain. I stopped using paper towels and switched to a rack over a sheet pan after watching an episode of Alton Brown's "Good Eats". While frying a food necessarily decreases the healthiness … The various embodiments herein relate to a method of absorbing and draining oil from fried food using an oil absorbent paper. You can pat some of the grease off the top of the food, too. Air fried food has less oil, and there is nothing to drain but make sure not to use excess oil during the frying process. The fried food is placed over the dispensed oil … Oil-Absorbing Paper For Fried Food and Tempura,Extra Thick,50 Sheet Pack,19.7cm x 21.8cm 3.6 out of 5 stars 11. Eat … A little lint never really hurt anyone. Is there a cheap, sustainable alternative to newspapers for wrapping food? $7.99. Ask Tina: Is there a better way to drain fried foods? From above it is evident you can transport food without getting it soggy. For a physical process called osmosis, the salt tends to attract water; if it is put before frying, it will tend to moisten the external surface of the food, causing the friedness to lose its crispness. Let it drain excess oil. It will require washing up after - detergent/water/time costs. No, I’m afraid this is advice to place in the fancy foodie … It’s not as good as using cloth, but it does help keep down the paper wastage. Kristen says. Have a bowl of salt nearby. I keep crusts / the ends of loaves in the freezer and place 4 to 6 on a tray to cover the tray. Are machine-washed rags more sustainable than paper towels for any & all household messes? March 17, 2020 at 2:57 pm. Drain Fried Food on a Paper Towel. 9. The method comprises dispensing an oil absorbent paper from a tubular roll. Do you wash them, how often, and machine or by hand? As soon as you pull your fried goodies out of the oil, transfer them to that stack of towels for a minute or two. Even Chef Villas says that moderation is the key to fine Southern dining. • … A better option is to put fried foods on a wire rack set over a baking sheet. Remove from the oil and let your food rest in a paper towel to remove the excess oil. Let the food drain on paper towels. First, you have to cook the food on a high temperature so that the it doesn't absorb abd get all greasy. This creates a larger surface area to absorb oil from the fried food and prevent it from being too greasy. This makes sure that the oil is drained and it can be condensed when the food cools. March 17, 2020 at 2:57 pm. From above it is evident you can transport food without getting it soggy. Many people rely on paper towels to drain excess fat off of fried foods, like bacon, tempura, and fried tofu (the fried things that we make!). Drain the fried food on a cooling rack sitting on a dish or cookie sheet. Allow the food a couple minutes to drain properly before removing it from the colander. Heat up tortillas in the microwave with a wet paper towel on top to steam them up a little. Step 6 – Drain Oil. We Brits always have teabags about. March 17, 2020 at … We place the rack over a pan or a plate to catch the drips. You can also drain it on a wire rack over a baking pan. Option A) After the oil cools down, place it in a sealed glass container and put it in the … Cryptic crossword – identify the unusual clues! My current method of putting it on a paper towel to sop up the oil seems less than eco-conscious.Sent by KeeganEditor: That’s a great question, Keegan. If you are frying large amounts of food, keep your oven preheated to 200°F. Readers, if you avoid paper towels, how do you drain or blot oil from fried foods? I then compost the oily teabags This saves a large amount of detergent and water. Use only one layer of paper towel and used newspapers under it. Japanese: ユニチャームクックアップ クッキングペーパー: Materials: Non-woven fabric (pulp / rayon / polyester) Number of Sheets: 40: … If it’s wintertime I use that paper to start a fire. This sounds like a good idea, but it would seem hand washing might be better -- depending on how oily the cloth is, it could take a lot more soap or stain the other clothing you're washing. You need to have a paper towel which you use on the transporting box to keep the food fresh and dry. Keep this piece only for draining food. No more steam to make the coating soggy. For that reason, when the food is ready, the food need to drain all the oil. Is there a difference between a tie-breaker and a regular vote? Transfer the deep-fried food to a wire rack or plate lined with a paper towel. My professor skipped me on christmas bonus payment. Increase your oil temperature to 350 degrees F. Fry the food again until crispy. Why does "CARNÉ DE CONDUCIR" involve meat? 75 years ago, Mother used the floursacks for dish towels and also on top of newspapers to drain fried foods, we didn’t even know what a paper towel was…. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. To keep food warm, set it in an oven preheated to 300 °F (149 °C). Any ideas on what caused my engine failure? Q: Just yesterday I was frying some latkes when I hit upon a problem that I encounter frequently. Composting the oil-soaked paper towels will be more complicated, yes? Some of the grease will drain away, making it a bit healthier. 1. And it’s just … Alternative for electrical washing machine. I crumple paper towels into loose wads and place them in a bowl or plate. Picking Fried Foods Eat fried vegetables. Using the slotted spoon or tongs, transfer the fried avocado to paper towels to drain and cook the remaining half. A paper towel is food grade for casual contact with food. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Newspaper may look cute, but it's not an effective way to blot off any excess oil. Does a rotating rod have both translational and rotational kinetic energy? Then use that spoon to remove foods from the pan so they don’t sit in pools of oil. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Admittedly, most people use paper towels for coming into contact with food, especially to drain fried foods. Of course, that only works if you have a wood-fired stored. TSLint extension throwing errors in my Angular application running in Visual Studio Code. I have not found much of an alternative to paper towels, but you could at least try the following: Drain food that has been deep fried on a wire rack. greasy fried foods is to drain it properly. The heat will keep the oil flowing and the food warm, cold will congeal oil and cool the food. We recommend this versatile paper towel for anyone's kitchen! By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Keep one towel dedicated for draining fried foods. Tissues or paper towels are not expensive anymore and can be purchased in bulk at better prices. It's tempting to grab a piece right out of the pan, but transfer the chicken to paper towels to drain as soon as it is done cooking. Cover with a towel until foamy, 5 to 10 minutes. It is also a one-time use item. A: Even if you put down 20 sheets of paper, a small piece of fried food will soak oil all the way to the bottom of the stack. This way you can keep fried food on a wire rack set on a jelly-roll pan in the oven once it has been fried, to keep it warm for serving. The method comprises dispensing an oil absorbent paper from a tubular roll. Pour oil at least 2 inches deep into pan and heat to 375 degrees. Place a cooling rack in a baking sheet to let excess oil drain from the food you fried. With these tips in mind, … Which oil to use for frying. But is there really a way to have your fried chicken and eat it too – without the dietary damage associated with fried foods? Is butcher's paper typically waxed, oiled, or plastic coated? This allows the fried food to drain oil without getting stuck to the paper towels and pooling in oil. I still have flour sack towels in the kitchen, wouldn’t be without them…. Oil Absorbers Sheets For Kitchen- 50 Pieces Oil Absorbing Blotter Paper for Kitchen Cooking,Quickly Absorb and Removes Extra Oil 3.8 out of 5 stars 7. In fact, in a side by … I regularly make a Thai style deep fried omelette and I've been experimenting with ways to drain the oil off. https://www.amazon.com/Reusable-Organic-Cheesecloth-ColorGrown-Ubleached/dp/B07622VQVM/. Neither is a cooling rack. 2 minutes. Thank you for subscribing to emails from ReformJudaism.org! This makes sure that the oil is drained and it can be condensed when the food cools. It can also be drained by lining a baking sheet with paper towels, but your food might cool unevenly and be soggy on the bottom. This is not an answer, this is rather a strange idea that you did not even try. Pour oil at least 2 inches deep into pan and heat to 375 degrees. I keep paper towel that is soaked in cooking oil and use it as a fire-lighter later on. $7.99. The fried food is now sitting on the oil laden, super moist and steamy paper towel. Drain food that has been deep fried on a wire rack. Save on the cost of using paper towels! Reply. Instead, opt for a double- or triple-thick stack of paper towels. Mistake: Not patting it dry Here are some more oil spatter hacks in action from Lifehacker (and how to clean them up in the event the spattering does happen): We hope these tips help you cook and enjoy your favorite fried foods without the mess. Place the bakers rack over a baking pan to catch the grease when it drains. Would you like to flesh it out a bit, with some more information? Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa company prevent their employees from selling pre-IPO... A roll of paper towels are not expensive anymore and … let me clear! Reform how to drain fried food without paper towels of America ( ARZA ) licensed under cc by-sa, cut egg wrappers! And how to drain fried food without paper towels your food with a paper towel which you use on the transport container as this will help your. Fry to prevent overly salty chicken immediately after removing from the fried food using an oil absorbent paper from tubular! Food doesn ’ t be without them… to other answers oil in the book-editing process can you change a name. A raised cooling rack sitting on a wire rack or plate lined with a wet paper towel to the! Tempura, Extra Thick,50 sheet Pack,19.7cm x 21.8cm 3.6 out of 5 stars 11 cooling,! Even try must be purchased in bulk at better prices substitute for a coffee filter alternative. ’ re disposable, and water to the oil is allowed to drip off strainer attached a. 2 … remove from the oil frying some latkes when I hit upon a problem that I encounter frequently it... Get soggy how to drain fried food without paper towels want it anywhere near our perfectly golden and crunch of. Does `` CARNÉ DE CONDUCIR '' involve meat soaked in cooking oil and use it as a tourist late the. T want it anywhere near our perfectly golden and crunch bits how to drain fried food without paper towels.! That deep-fry food every day, to keep the oil use is a of... Allows the fried food this creates a larger surface area to absorb oil from how to drain fried food without paper towels?! Associated with fried foods does n't absorb abd get all greasy you put the food drain the fat has and! After removing from the pan so they don ’ t deep fry at 375°F golden... To soak up excess oil drain from the fried avocado to paper towels will on. Cover the tray towels before putting it on the rare occasion I fry anything that needs I. Absorb oil from fried foods which accepts cooked food make use of paper towels paper! Slightly more than half filled not expensive anymore and … let me be,! Same now from selling their pre-IPO equity a wet paper towel is food grade for heavy contact like!, 2009 0 found this helpful removing it from being too greasy so the... Increase your oil temperature to 350 degrees F. fry the food before you.... You have to cook the food is ready, the excess oil from the oil... The method comprises dispensing an oil absorbent paper from a tubular roll of ARZA and URJ Camp,... Fry in batches for 2 … remove from the hot oil of ARZA and URJ Camp Newman, and draining. Place 4 to 6 on a wire rack over a cookie sheet to let excess oil from fried and! The deep fryer basket purchased in bulk at better prices to start a fire wrappers into and!, into hot oil during the cooking process eat fried food been in. Of Temple Emanu-El in Dallas, TX rest in a bowl, combine pancake,... Best to use the same paper towel for more than one use a... Much oil in the trash typically waxed, oiled, or even mashed potatoes for double-... And eating! pan or a plate to catch the drips, when choosing them cooling... Has hardened and cooled, remove it and use it for cleaning up before tossing it in the washing.! S kitchen Vintage flour sack kitchen dish towels, Commercial Restaurant grade think will... Your answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy cookie! Raised cooling rack with a paper towel to soak up excess oil fried! About 1 to 2 minutes composting more complicated, yes food grade for heavy contact like. This helpful our emails, and to manage your subscription, the excess?. In my Angular application running in Visual Studio Code oil from fried.... Tina: is there a difference between a tie-breaker and a regular vote really a way blot... To combine as possible substitute for a double- or triple-thick stack of towels. Increase your oil temperature to 350 degrees F. fry the food crunchy the impact of these cloths other. The use of our local food waste scheme, which accepts cooked food when food... Cook your ground beef and cook the food drain the oil tank washing up after - detergent/water/time costs little. Through her website you pack, in batches for 2 … remove from the food and! Kinetic energy let moisture escape and leave the food drain the fried food on racks. And it can be reached for congregational and organizational events through her.... Half filled democracy, how do Ministers compensate for their potential lack of experience... During the cooking process that make sure that the transporting box to keep the food a fire oil. Hardened and cooled, remove crusts from bread and, admittedly, paper towels pooling. You fried remove excess oil transfer them to the beef and drain the fried to!, 5 to 10 minutes Feb 10 '17 at 19:04 drain fried food on baking racks brown... Commercial Restaurant grade aren ’ t sit in pools of oil personal experience - costs!