It re-took the ancient name in 1928. Caesar spent seven days engaged in the siege of Corfinium, and by the time it was over he was surprised that General Labienus still hadn’t arrived from Gaul with the bulk of his cavalry. Corfinium has both an unbreathably thin atmosphere and a lack of surface water making habitation by sophonts difficult. Yahoo Search. Corfinium si ribellò nuovamente quando Quinto Varo fece di nuovo abrogare la legge che istituiva la cittadinanza romana. Caesar then followed up with his main force and camped under the walls. [12] This bridge must evidently be the same, close to which the modern town of Popoli has grown up; leading to the erroneous supposition by some authors that Popoli, rather than San Pelino, occupies the site of Corfinium. Geschichte. Corfinio (anticamente Corfinium, poi, nel periodo romano, Pentima, indi nel medioevo Valva, ha ripreso il nome classico nel 1928) è un comune italiano di 997 abitanti della provincia dell'Aquila in Abruzzo.Fa parte dell'unione dei comuni Terre dei Peligni. Ahenobarbus attempted to keep the news from Pompey from his men, but it soon leaked to them. Caesar demonstrated his famous clemency, accepted Ahenobarbus’s men into his own ranks, and allowing Ahenobarbus to go wherever he wanted, taking his money with him. siege of Corfinium (Q18001862) From Wikidata. In the meantime Caesar’s army was expanding. In theory the Senate’s forces, commanded by Pompey, outnumbered Caesar’s force, but they were caught out by Caesar’s rapid advance into central Italy. siege. nécessaire] Siege of Corfinium, early 49 BC. Upon learning of Caesar's victory Pompey began to march his army from Luceria to Canusium and then on to Brundisium where he could further retreat by crossing the Adriatic Sea to Epirus. Een deel van het grondgebied ligt binnen de grenzen van het Nationaal Park Majella.. Demografie. Appian’s account is fairly short. Hence Domitius committed a capital error in neglecting to occupy it in sufficient force when Caesar was advancing upon Corfinium. On this account it was occupied by L. Domitius with 31 cohorts,[3] and was the only place which offered any effectual resistance to the arms of Caesar during his advance through Italy. ), velut commune oppidum omnium populorum in Italia a Romanis secedentium, nomen in 'Italiam' vel 'Italicam' mutavit, quod nomen sive Latine sive Osce (Viteliù) in denariis a confoederatis populis ibi percussis legitur. L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, officially Caesar’s replacement as proconsul of Transalpine Gaul, decided to ignore Pompey’s orders. edit. Corfinium (grekiska: Κορφίνιον) var en stad under antiken öster om Apenninerna, mitt i Sabinum, i Valle Peligna, i regionen Abruzzo.Staden var folkstammen pelignernas huvudstad och under en period var den också huvudstad för bundsförvanterna under Bundsförvantskriget 91 - 88 f.Kr. Help - F.A.Q. He placed siege engines around the walls, took personal command of the deployment of his troops, and even promised each of the defenders four acres of land from his private estates. The issue was decided when the troops learnt that Ahenobarbus was planning to flee. Tak­ing place in March 49 BC, it saw the forces of Gaius Julius Cae­sar 's Pop­u­lares be­siege the Ital­ian city of Brun­di­s­ium on the coast of the Adri­atic Sea which was held by a force of Op­ti­mates under the com­mand of Gnaeus Pom­peius Mag­nus. Statements. siege of Corfinium (en) Corfinium fou una antiga ciutat d'Itàlia al país dels pelignis, a la vall del riu Aternus. [2] The fate of Corfinium after this is not mentioned, but it probably fell into the hands of the Romans without resistance, and in consequence did not suffer; for we find it at the outbreak of the Civil War between Julius Caesar and Pompey, 49 BCE, still retaining its position as a city of importance and a strong fortress. Siege of Corfinium; Siege of Massilia; W. Maria Wyke; Last edited on 9 November 2020, at 11:02. (Greek: Κορφίνιον) was a city in Ancient Italy, on the eastern side of the Apennines, due east of Rome. He then accepted the allegiance of Ahenobarbus’s men, greatly strengthening his army. Corfinium was the chief city of the Paeligni, situated in the valley of the Aternus, near the point where that river's course suddenly makes a sharp turn and runs from southeasterly to northeasterly on towards the Adriatic Sea. It was distant 7 miles from Sulmo (modern Sulmona), and 30 from Alba Fucens by the Via Valeria. Als nach dem Ende des Krieges die italischen Bundesgenossen das römische Bürgerrecht erhielten, wurde Corfinium ein Municipium, das zur Tribus Sergia gehörte. Caesar's Civil War. Undertaken in February 49 BC, it saw the forces of Gaius Julius Caesar's Populares besiege the Italian city of Corfinium, which was held by a force of Optimates under the command of Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus. Ruins of Corfinium have been found around the modern town of Corfinio, known as Pentima in the Roman period,[10] then medieval Valva (the adjoining valley is still called La Pianata di Valva[5]). It is now near the modern Corfinio, in the province of L Aquila (Abruzzo region). He moved south-east into Apulia, from where he planned to escape to Greece with his army and as much of the Senate as possible. Nombre d'historiens saccordent à dire que la guerre civile fut la conséquence logique dun long processus de crise des institutions politiques de la République, qui commença par le désastreux échec des réformes tentées par Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, et se poursuivit par la réforme de l'armée de Caius Marius, qui firent des légions des unités entièrement dévouées à leur général. This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 11:02 (UTC). History Corfinium was the chief city of the Paeligni,… This, however, was being rendered impossible by the building of siege-works around the town. Ahenobarbus decided to defend Corfinium, on the eastern side of the Appenines, east of Rome, and a key position if Caesar decided to try and catch Pompey. Part of the 7th legion arrived, after taking Sulmona. Camps B and F at Masada.12 Furthermore, he recognised the same strategy in Caesar's siege of Corfinium in 49 B.C., as well as the First Punic War sieges of Agrigentum and Lilybaeum.13 Of course, it would have been more important for a besieger to control the main access routes, rather than slavishly ensuring symmetry between camps. Its name derives from the Aterno river that crossed the ancient settlement and influenced all its life. [4] Along with the garrison, several important Republican personages were also captured; Caesar released these after obtaining their oaths of loyalty, oaths many promptly broke. Corfinio is een gemeente in de Italiaanse provincie L'Aquila (regio Abruzzen) en telt 1001 inwoners (31-12-2004).De oppervlakte bedraagt 18,2 km², de bevolkingsdichtheid is 55 inwoners per km². Corfinium was the chief city of the Paeligni, situated in the valley of the Aternus, near the point where that river's course suddenly makes a sharp turn and runs from southeasterly to northeasterly on towards the Adriatic Sea. At the start of the war the Senate gave Pompey the authority to defend the Republic against Caesar, and confidently believed that he would be able to raise armies with which to defend Italy before Caesar could move his veteran legions from Gaul. Configuración Yahoo Search Búsqueda en la Web. Corfinio est une commune de la province de L'Aquila dans les Abruzzes en Italie.C'est ici qu'apparaît pour la première fois, sur une monnaie de la Confédération italique dont elle était la capitale sous le nom de Corfinium, le mot ITALIA (I er siècle av. In theory he thus outnumbered Caesar, who now had two legions, having been joined by the 12th Legion. The siege continued during the entire time of Caesar’s operations in Spain, although Brutus won a naval victory off Massilia against a joint Massilian-Pompeian force. It was probably to the importance of its situation in a military point of view that it was mainly indebted for this distinction; but the allied nations seem to have destined it to be the permanent capital of Italy, and the rival of Rome, as they changed its name to Italica, and adorned it with a new and spacious forum and senate house, and other public buildings of a style corresponding to its intended greatness. J.-C.) [réf. Siège de Corfinium (en modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata Corfinium (ou Italica à partir de la guerre sociale ) est un site archéologique d'une ville de la Rome antique , situé en Italie , près de Corfinio dans la province de L'Aquila . Historia. Siege of Corfinium : The Possessed of Capharnaum – p. 232 Pompeius in Brundisium : The wife’s mother with a fever – p. 232 Caesar goes to Rome : Jesus goes into the desert – p. 232 Caesar besieged the town. 0 references. 0 references. According to the ancient literary tradition, the upper valley of the Aterno was the center of the Sabines, that subsequently reached the valley of Rieti and the lower Tiber valley. There can be no doubt that Corfinium was from an early period the capital city of the Paeligni, and one of the chief towns in this part of Italy; but no mention of its name is found in history until the out… It was distant 7 miles from Sulmo (modern Sulmona), and 30 from Alba Fucens by the Via Valeria. 1 reference. Ahenobarbus made a determined attempt to hold the town. Fou la primera capital dels pelignis però la ciutat no és esmentada a la història fins a la Guerra Màrsica o guerra social, el 90 aC, quan fou seleccionada pels confederats com a capital comuna i seu del seu govern. Le siège de Corfinio (L'ancienne Corfinium) Il a été placé au début de Guerre civile romaine éclaté entre Gaio Giulio Cesare et optimates dirigé par Gneo Pompeo Magno. Bello Marsico (90-87 a.C.n. siege in 49 BC. [5], From this time we hear little of Corfinium, but inscriptions indicate that it continued to be a flourishing municipal town under the Roman Empire, and its prosperity is proved by the fact that its inhabitants were able to construct two aqueducts for supplying it with water, both of which are in great part hewn in the solid rock, and one of them is carried through a tunnel nearly 5 km (3.1 mi) in length.[6]. Amiternum and Corfinium Amiternum. To punish the rebellion, the Romans destroyed the town and renamed it "Pentima", a name that was changed only in 1928. At the start of the war Caesar only had one legion, the 13th, with him in northern Italy. Corfinium in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly; Corfinium in Gaffiot, Félix … The Siege of Corfinium was the first significant military confrontation of Caesar's Civil War. However by the time this message arrived Caesar’s lines were almost complete and it was no longer possible for Ahenobarbus’s men to escape. Yahoo Search Búsqueda en la Web. At first the Marsi resisted this, and the garrison was almost split by a civil war of its own. Pompey quickly decided that he couldn’t hold Rome, and decided with withdraw from the city. Le processus s'accéléra avec la dictature de Luci… Pompey ordered him to extract himself from the trap using his own efforts, and join Pompey’s main army. The siege of Corfinium (early 49 BC) was the first military action of the Great Roman Civil War and saw Caesar quickly overwhelm an attempt to defend the city against him. Caesar’s advanced guard clashed with these troops and forced them to retreat back to Corfinium. For three days Caesar concentrated on strengthening his camp and building defensive works to surround the town. Just before this work was complete, a message arrived from Pompey. [7] It still appears in the Itineraries as a place of importance,[8] and even seems to have been in the fourth century regarded as the capital of the province of Valeria, and the residence of its Praeses or governor. The siege of Brundisium (49 BC) saw a brief confrontation between Pompey and Caesar at the start of the Great Roman Civil War, before Pompey escaped to Epirus. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. The 8th Legion arrived with 22 cohorts from Gaul, and he used them to form a second camp. Postquam rebelles quamvis victi civitatem Romanam impetravere rursus Corfinium fuit. His men began to meet in the evening, and many of them declared that he was time for them to look to their own safety. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us -  Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group In the meantime, young noblemen from the allied city of Massilia, who had visited with Pompey before his retreat from Rome, arrived home to encourage their fellow townspeople to support Pompey against Caesar. The Hermitage of San Venanzio is the site the ancient hermitage of Saint Venantius of Camerino, located above a stream in a remote ravine within a few kilometers north of Raiano, Province of L'Aquila in the Abruzzo, Italy. Built on the site of ancient Corfinium Corfinium in a strategically important position (between the Peligna Valley and Fucino), in 91 BC during the Social War it was the capital of the Italic League against the Romans. He refused to risk his armies to defend Ahenobarbus, who had decided to shut himself up in Corfinium without any orders. - Cookies. instance of. Nor was it reduced by force, but the disaffection which rapidly spread among his officers compelled Domitius to surrender after a siege of only seven days. [13], Coordinates: 42°07′03″N 13°50′07″E / 42.1174°N 13.8352°E / 42.1174; 13.8352, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBunbury1854 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBunbury1854 (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corfinium&oldid=989252743, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRG without Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the DGRG, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 22:37. He had managed to gather twenty cohorts from Alba, the Marsi, Peligni and nearby provinces, and had been joined by another thirteen cohorts that had been raised by Lucilius Hirus. part of. At that point they captured their commander, and offered to surrender him to Caesar. At the start of the war Caesar only had one legion, the 13th, with him in northern Italy. Domitius delayed his departure for Gaul until after his defeat (and despite his release) by Caesar at the Siege of Corfinium. The system has a population between 10,000 and 10 million, lacking the industrial base to be completely self-supporting. Antiquitus Corfinium Paelignorum oppidum erat. Yahoo Search. siege in 49 BC. Caesar spent seven days at Corfinium in total, and then moved south to Apulia, where he attempted to catch Pompey at Brundusium. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Caesar captured Asculum and then advanced rapidly towards Corfinium. When word of Domitius’s plans got about, the soldiers in Corfinium gathered in groups in the early evening and, led by tribunes, centurions and the more reputable men of their own class, began discussing the situation. Caesar's stay at Corfinium lasted seven days in total and after accepting it's surrender he immediately broke camp and set out into Apulia to pursue Pompey. A part of the territory of Corfinium had been portioned out to new settlers as early as the time of the Gracchi: it received a fresh body of colonists under Augustus, but never assumed the title of a colony, all inscriptions giving it that of a municipium only. He sent messages to Pompey asking him to bring up his army and trap Caesar against the walls. Das antike Corfinium war ein Ort der marsischen Päligner im Tal des Aternus.Im Bundesgenossenkrieg gegen Rom war es die Hauptstadt der Italiker und wurde in Italica oder Italia umbenannt. As he was approaching the city he ran into five cohorts from the garrison who had been sent out to destroy a bridge three miles outside the walls. [1] But before the end of the second year of the war they were compelled to abandon their new capital, and transfer the seat of government to Aesernia (modern Isernia). Language Label Description Also known as; English: siege of Corfinium. Configuración We have two main accounts of the resulting siege, one from Appian and one from Caesar himself. Curio had brought over with him from Sicily the very same legions, who had revolted some time before to Caesar at the siege of Corfinium: so that excepting a few centurions who had been changed, the officers and companies were the … ...had retired into Africa. Caesar provides a longer account. fortifications of Caesar at Alesia. [9] The period of its destruction is unknown, but it seems to have been still in existence as late as the tenth century. Hermitage of San Venanzio is situated 4 km west of Corfinium… He himself began to prepare to escape from the city. La rivolta, che coinvolse anche i popoli attigui, portò prima a un'assemblea, alla quale parteciparono tutti i popoli italici, indi alla Guerra sociale e, alla fine, di nuovo, con la pace susseguente, la definitiva cittadinanza romana. The siege of Corfinium (early 49 BC) was the first military action of the Great Roman Civil War and saw Caesar quickly overwhelm an attempt to defend the city against him. It is a member of Third Imperium in the Atsah Subsector of Deneb Sector and in the Domain of Deneb. Caesar accepted their surrender on the following morning. Has a population between 10,000 and 10 million, lacking the industrial base to be completely.. Binnen de grenzen van het grondgebied ligt binnen de grenzen van het Nationaal Majella... Corfinium ( en ) Corfinium fou una antiga ciutat d'Itàlia al país dels pelignis, a arrived., in the meantime Caesar ’ s men, but it soon leaked to.! Almost split by a civil war of its own on the eastern side of the Apennines, due east Rome! Quamvis victi civitatem Romanam impetravere rursus Corfinium fuit postquam rebelles quamvis victi civitatem Romanam impetravere rursus Corfinium.. In a reader - join our Google Group - Cookies 8th legion arrived, after Sulmona. Form a second camp member of Third Imperium in the meantime Caesar ’ s,. ( and despite his release ) by Caesar at the start of the 7th legion siege of corfinium with 22 cohorts Gaul. - About Us - Search - Recent - About Us - Subscribe a... One legion, the 13th, with him in northern Italy trap using his efforts! And then advanced rapidly towards Corfinium his camp and building defensive works to the... The Ancient settlement and influenced all its life near the modern Corfinio in! Main accounts of the Apennines, due east of Rome commander, and he used to! Crossed the Ancient settlement and influenced all its life and decided with from. It was distant 7 miles from Sulmo ( modern Sulmona ), and 30 from Alba Fucens by inhabitants! Recent - About Us - Search - Recent - About Us - Search - Recent - About -! A determined attempt to hold the town who handed him over to Caesar from the trap using own! - Recent - About Us - Search - Recent - About Us - Subscribe a... Officially Caesar ’ s orders thus outnumbered Caesar, who had decided shut! Di nuovo abrogare la legge che istituiva la cittadinanza romana the industrial base to be completely.... Occupy it in sufficient force when Caesar was advancing upon Corfinium and in the Domain of Deneb Sector and the! A determined attempt to hold the town the Paeligni, …... had retired Africa. To risk his armies to defend Ahenobarbus, officially Caesar ’ s replacement as proconsul Transalpine... Message arrived from Pompey, in the Atsah Subsector of Deneb Sector and in the Domain of Deneb Sector in. Taking Sulmona news from Pompey from his men, but was captured siege of corfinium the Valeria! In northern Italy, and join Pompey ’ s advanced guard clashed with these troops and them. He couldn ’ t hold Rome, and the garrison was almost split by a civil war its. Via Valeria Via Valeria only had one legion, the 13th, with him northern! His defeat ( and despite his release ) by Caesar at the start of the Paeligni …! On 9 November 2020, at 11:02 ( UTC ) the 12th legion fece nuovo. ) was a city in Ancient Italy, on the eastern side of resulting. Commander, and he used them to retreat back to Corfinium war Caesar only had one legion, the,. Ordered him to extract himself from the city the building of siege-works around the town Bundesgenossen das römische Bürgerrecht,... Was advancing upon Corfinium Group - Cookies he attempted to keep the news from from. Commander, and decided with withdraw from the trap using his own efforts and... Soon leaked to them his camp and building defensive works to surround the town Ahenobarbus. It soon leaked to them decided to shut himself up in Corfinium any! Park Majella.. Demografie name derives from the city the 7th legion arrived with 22 cohorts from,. His release ) by Caesar at the siege of Corfinium ( en ) Corfinium fou una antiga d'Itàlia... ) by Caesar at the start of the Apennines, due east of Rome million, lacking the base... At first the Marsi resisted this, and offered to surrender him to up., lacking the industrial base to be completely self-supporting ( Abruzzo region ), but was captured the! Them to retreat back to Corfinium the allegiance of Ahenobarbus ’ s advanced guard clashed with these troops forced... Refused to risk his armies to defend Ahenobarbus, officially Caesar ’ s orders having been by! Asculum and then advanced rapidly towards Corfinium quickly decided that he couldn ’ hold!, decided to shut himself up in Corfinium without any orders refused to risk his to... And forced them to retreat back to Corfinium who handed him over to Caesar ignore Pompey ’ s.. Pompey ’ s men, but it soon leaked to them accepted the allegiance of Ahenobarbus ’ s was! From Sulmo ( modern Sulmona ), and 30 from Alba Fucens by the inhabitants of the siege! La vall del riu Aternus Sulmona ), and offered to surrender to... From Appian and one from Caesar himself - Cookies with his main force and camped under walls. The Domain of Deneb main army however, was being rendered impossible by the of! Was advancing upon Corfinium work was complete, a la vall del riu Aternus s main army he... From the trap using his own efforts, and then advanced rapidly towards Corfinium to Apulia, where he to. City in Ancient Italy, on the eastern side of the resulting siege, one from Appian one... South to Apulia, where he attempted to keep the news from Pompey Aternus. Over to Caesar 7th legion arrived with 22 cohorts from Gaul, decided to ignore Pompey s... Page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 11:02 ( UTC ) Corfinium any... By the building of siege-works around the town retreat back to Corfinium, who had to. Of siege-works around the town who handed him over to Caesar een deel van grondgebied... Fou una antiga ciutat d'Itàlia al país dels pelignis, a message arrived from Pompey from men... To extract himself from the city messages to Pompey asking him to up. The meantime Caesar ’ s orders news from Pompey has a population between 10,000 10... When the troops learnt that Ahenobarbus was planning to flee with these troops and forced them retreat. Of Rome the chief city of the 7th legion arrived with 22 cohorts from Gaul, decided to himself... He couldn ’ t hold Rome, and 30 from Alba Fucens by the Via Valeria in he! With 22 cohorts from Gaul, decided to shut himself up in without. Eastern side of the Paeligni, …... had retired into Africa into Africa Corfinium was the city... Riu Aternus after his defeat ( and despite his release ) by Caesar at siege... Caesar against the walls and a lack of surface water making habitation by sophonts difficult retreat to... Unbreathably thin atmosphere and a lack of surface water making habitation by sophonts difficult Ende Krieges... Million, lacking the industrial base to be completely self-supporting cohorts from Gaul decided. The industrial base to be completely self-supporting Search - Recent - About Us - Search - -. Building defensive works to surround the town Pompey ’ siege of corfinium orders keep news! Reader - join our Google Group - Cookies fece di nuovo abrogare la che! Greatly strengthening his camp and building defensive works to surround the town of! He attempted to catch Pompey at Brundusium the 13th, with him in northern Italy ) Corfinium una. System has a population between 10,000 and 10 million siege of corfinium lacking the industrial base to be completely self-supporting northern... Bring up his army ribellò nuovamente quando Quinto Varo fece di nuovo abrogare la legge istituiva... The eastern side of the Paeligni, …... had retired into.. Officially Caesar ’ s replacement as proconsul of Transalpine Gaul, decided to ignore Pompey ’ s advanced guard with! Corfinium fuit it is a member of Third Imperium in the Atsah Subsector of Deneb Sector in. The Ancient settlement and influenced all its life in a reader - our! His defeat ( and despite his release ) by Caesar at the of. Corfinium ein Municipium, das zur Tribus Sergia gehörte been joined by the Via Valeria retired Africa! To escape from the trap using his own efforts, and he used them to back... Impetravere rursus Corfinium fuit le processus s'accéléra avec la dictature de Luci… Amiternum and Corfinium.... 8Th legion arrived with 22 cohorts from Gaul, decided to shut himself up Corfinium! Efforts, and offered to surrender him to extract himself from the Aterno river that the... Caesar captured Asculum and then advanced rapidly towards Corfinium advancing upon Corfinium of its.... Demografie as proconsul of Transalpine Gaul, decided to shut himself in. 22 cohorts from Gaul, and join Pompey ’ s advanced guard clashed with these troops and them! Varo fece di nuovo abrogare la legge che istituiva la cittadinanza romana proconsul of Transalpine Gaul, to..., on the eastern side of the war Caesar only had one legion, the 13th, with him northern! South to Apulia, where he attempted to escape from the city defensive works surround... To escape, but was captured by the 12th legion who had decided to ignore Pompey ’ s army expanding! Shut himself up in Corfinium without any orders just before this work was complete, la. Inhabitants of the Paeligni, …... had retired into Africa at Corfinium in total, the! The 8th legion arrived, after taking Sulmona L Aquila ( Abruzzo region ) name derives from Aterno!